The American hornbeam is also occasionally known as blue-beech, ironwood, or musclewood, the first from the resemblance of the bark to that of the American beechFagus grandifolia, the other two from the hardness of the wood and the muscled appearance of the trunk and limbs.  It is sometimes coppiced to provide hardwood poles. When allowed to go where they will, American hornbeam grows into a variety of unconventional form, with twists and multiple trunks that can be quite lovely. THERE ARE TWO members of the birch family that often go unnoticed in the understory of our forests: the Eastern hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) and American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana). European Hornbeam holds its leaves for a month or so, and only holds juvenile leaves, so it can be tricky or impossible to achieve the same desirable retention as beech. The common English name hornbeam derives from the hardness of the woods (likened to horn) and the Old English beam "tree" (cognate with Dutch ‘’Boom’’ and German Baum). It should be transplanted balled-and- burlapped in the spring. Tolerates dry, shady sites. Though some botanists[according to whom?] Beech vs. Hornbeam Posted on 14th October 2013 (16th March 2018) by HedgesDirect The differences between two of the most popular hedging plants – Beech (Fagus sylvatica) and Hornbeam … Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus.American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood.It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario). Just remember, your tree is miniature and will need a much smaller and more gentile dose of treatment. Pyramidal European Hornbeam will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. VCE Publications & Other Online Resources, https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/american-hornbeam, https://www.omaha.com/eedition/sunrise/articles/american-hornbeams-show-the-upsides-to-planting-native-trees/article_b6dbad4f-3daf-5372-a38c-39865a9db99f.html, http://treebaltimore.org/tree-of-the-season-american-hornbeam/#.Xh0wFoh7nX4, http://www.indefenseofplants.com/blog/2019/12/11/the-sinewy-american-hornbeam?rq=hornbeam, https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=h540, https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=OSVI, https://www.uky.edu/hort/American-Hornbeam, https://campus.albion.edu/stowell-arboretum/musclewood-or-ironwood/, https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/carpinus-betulus, https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/a-z-of-british-trees/hornbeam/, https://www.chicagobotanic.org/plantinfo/pp/j, https://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/trees/plants/hop_hornbeam.htm.  Dried heartwood billets are nearly white and are suitable for decorative use. TaxonMaps", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hornbeam&oldid=995089734, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 04:33. A close relative of our tree, the European hornbeam, has been a classic landscape tree for centuries with many cultivars. Hornbeam is often described as the hardiest, heaviest and toughest of woods. European alder is great for resisting rot as long as it remains under water, but not otherwise and it’s also too soft. American Hornbeam Fruit - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. European Hornbeam is a small to medium-size tree reaching heights of 15–25 metres (49–82 ft), rarely 30 metres (98 ft), and often has a fluted and crooked trunk. 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