Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. William Hearst (William Randolph Hearst; San Francisco, Estados Unidos, 1863 - Beverly Hills, id., 1951) Magnate de la prensa estadounidense. Primary Sources William Randolph Hearst. While there are many similarities between Charles Foster Kane, as limned by the great Orson Welles and his screenwriter, Herman J. Mankiewicz (who knew Hearst), there are many dissimilarities also. That same year, Hearst’s mother, Phoebe, died, leaving him the family’s fortune, which included a 168,000-acre ranch in San Simeon, California. Millicent bore Hearst five sons, all of whom followed their father into the media business. Gerald Ford became the 38th president of the United States following Richard Nixon's resignation, in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal. Angered colleagues and voters retaliated and he lost both New York races, ending his political career. He was fired from the network in 2017 after reports surfaced of his settlements for sexual harassment allegations. Millicent’s mother reputedly ran a Tammany Hall – connected brothel in the city, and Hearst undoubtedly saw the advantage of being well-connected to the Democratic center of power in New York. William Randolph Hearst, né à San Francisco le 29 avril 1863 et mort à Beverly Hills le 14 août 1951, est un homme d'affaires américain, magnat de la presse écrite. Hearst did win election to the House of Representatives in 1902 and 1904. He called the estate "La Cuesta Encantada" - Spanish for The Enchanted Hill. Hearst’s own lavish lifestyle insulated him from the troubled masses that he seemed to champion in his newspapers. 1915. At one point, he considered running for the U.S. presidency. Stine is famous for writing 'Goosebumps,' the bestselling horror series for kids. He controlled the King Features syndicate and the International News Service, as well as six magazines, including Cosmopolitan, Good Housekeeping and Harper's Bazaar. By 1897, Hearst’s two New York papers had bested Pulitzer, with a combined circulation of 1.5 million. Born a Democrat, Hearst attempted to enter politics numerous times, beginning his political career in 1901 as a Democratic candidate for Congress from the Eleventh District of New York. In 1917, Hearst’s roving eye fell upon Ziegfeld Follies showgirl Marion Davies, and by 1919 he was openly living with her in California. Welles refused, and the film survived and thrived. Related: Mank: How William Randolph Hearst Compares To Citizen Kane In Mank, director David Fincher doesn't show a Hearst reaction scene but rather focuses on the calm before the storm.Midway through, Mankiewicz is questioned about his motivations for incorporating Hearst into Citizen Kane, and the screenwriter cites "the parable of the organ grinder's monkey." Hearst's father, a California Gold Rush multimillionaire, had acquired the failing San Francisco Examiner newspaper to promote his political career. Soviet spy William Fisher, a.k.a. Once elected, he sought labor support, and became an advocate of Municipal Socialism. [2]Hearst começou sua vida como empresário em 1887 após assumir o controle do jornal The San Francisco Examiner, que era do seu pai. William Randolph Hearst (29 April 1863 – 14 August 1951) was an American newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced the history of American journalism.Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887 after being given control of The San Francisco Examiner by his wealthy father. William Randolph Hearst (d. 1951), the son of a successful miner, became proprietor of The San Francisco Examiner at age 24 in 1887. While at Harvard, Hearst was inspired by the New York World newspaper and its crusading publisher, Joseph Pulitzer. In 1902, he was victorious at winning a seat to the US congress to the Fifty-eighth congress. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A flamboyant, highly controversial figure, Hearst was nonetheless an intelligent and extremely competent newspaperman. Kaiser Wilhelm served as emperor of Germany from 1888 until the end of World War I. William Seward was a New York governor and U.S. senator before serving as secretary of state under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. Born in San Francisco, California, on April 29, 1863, to George Hearst and Phoebe Apperson Hearst, young William was taught in private schools and on tours of Europe. We strive for accuracy and fairness. April 1863 in San Francisco; 14. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Han var son till George Hearst.. Biografi. After studying at Harvard University (1882-85) he took over the San Francisco Examiner from his father in 1887.. He strove to win the circulation wars by employing the same brand of journalism he had at the Examiner. Having established newspapers in several more cities, including Chicago, Boston and Los Angeles, he began his quest for the U.S. presidency, spending $2 million in the process. Hearst Castle in California is a stunning expression of the vast wealth and extravagant tastes of publisher William Randloph Hearst. During his lifetime he established a vast publishing empire that included 18 newspapers in 12 cities and 9 successful magazines. A founder of "yellow journalism," he was praised for his success and vilified by his enemies. Early years On April 29, 1863, William Randolph Hearst was born in San Francisco, California. 赫斯特(William Randolph Hearst,1863å¹´4月29日~1951å¹´8月14日),美国报纸发行人。继承父亲的产业,于1887年接办旧金山《考察人》报;1895年购买《纽约晨报》,改名《美国人日报》后重新发行。由于经营有方,发展成庞大的报业集团。 He and his empire were at their zenith. A popular beach spot, this protected cove also offers visitors pier fishing. Biography : William Randolph Hearst was born on April 29, 1863, in San Francisco, California, as the only child of George Hearst, a self-made multimillionaire miner and rancher, and Phoebe Apperson Hearst. Pulitzer countered by matching that price. William Randolph Hearst, född 29 april 1863 i San Francisco, Kalifornien, död 14 augusti 1951 i Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, Kalifornien, var en amerikansk tidningsman och politiker. In 1941, young film director Orson Welles produced Citizen Kane, a thinly veiled biography of the rise and fall of Hearst. Hearst retaliated by raiding the World’s staff, offering higher salaries and better positions. Rudolf Abel, was convicted of espionage in the United States in 1957 and later exchanged for imprisoned American Francis Gary Powers. Author R.L. William Randolph Hearst, the man who conceived Hearst Castle, was a media genius whose influence extended to publishing, politics, Hollywood, the art world and everyday American life. Hearst didn’t help his declining reputation when, in 1934, he visited Berlin and interviewed Adolf Hitler, helping to legitimize Hitler’s leadership in Germany. The Hearst Journalism Awards Program awards scholarships to students for outstanding performance in college-level writing, photojournalism, radio, television and multimedia. William Randolph Hearst (født 29. april 1863, død 14. august 1951) var mediemagnat, mangemillionær og nordamerikansk politiker.. Hearst ble født og virket i USA og regnes sammen med Joseph Pulitzer som skaperen av «den gule presse», dvs. In 1900, Hearst followed his father's example and entered politics. During this time, his editorials became more strident and vitriolic, and he seemed out of touch. Nominated for nine Academy Awards, the film was praised for its innovative cinematography, music and narrative structure, and has subsequently been voted one of the world’s greatest films. In the last decade of the 19th century, politics came to dominate Hearst's newspapers and ultimately reveal his complex political views. The stock market crash and subsequent economic depression hit the Hearst Corporation hard, especially the newspapers, which were not completely self-sustaining. William Randolph Hearst Memorial Beach The beach is located near the historic town of San Simeon along Highway One and gives visitors the opportunity to hike, swim, fish and beachcomb. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. In 1898, Hearst pushed for war with Spain to liberate Cuba, which the Democrats opposed. https://www.biography.com/media-figure/william-randolph-hearst. William Randolph Hearst dominated journalism for nearly a half century. Billy the Kid was a late 19th-century thief and gunfighter. He purchased the New York Morning Journal (formerly owned by Pulitzer) in 1895, and a year later began publishing the Evening Journal. 1915, David Whitmire Hearst, ur. Hearst was a well-known US newspaper proprietor known as the 'father' of the so-called 'yellow press', i.e., the sensationalist press. The most notable co-offender is William Randolph Hearst, the all powerful media mogul of the time. William Randolph Hearst (pron. When he inherited a piece of the Hearst media empire as a young boy, William Randolph Hearst … William Randolph Hearst. De film Citizen Kane uit 1941 is gebaseerd op zijn leven. From 1903-1907 he was a Democrat congressman from New York City. Gdy marzenia polityczne Williama Randolpha Hearsta legły w gruzach, związał się z aktorką Marion Davies. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. On April 27, 1903, Hearst married 21-year-old Millicent Willson, a showgirl, in New York City. He was reportedly killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett, who later burnished the legend of the Wild West outlaw. 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