Preliminary analysis of the non-fescue hay revealed the sporadic presence of an ergopeptine alkaloid(s) which could not be identified. The mid vein is not noticeable, Inflorescence is paniculate, open, 13–3 cm long, to 6 cm wide, rachis smooth, occasionally scabrous, glabrous. It is especially adapted to the hazardous growing conditions of southern Missouri and will produce more forage on acid, wet soils of sandstone and shale origin than other cool-season grass. in comparison with other perennial, cool-season grasses when managed as pasture, cut Because of its poor nutritional quality, fescue is sometimes chosen as such bedding. Weeds constantly invade crop fields and pastures; therefore, it is important to know the potential quality of individual weed species in making management decisions concerning weed control. Commonly used legumes include alfalfa and red clover, and occasionally lespedeza and birdsfoot trefoil. Always request a horse analysis when sending in hay samples. Orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or silage. In addition, mature tall fescue contains less protein and more fiber than leafy, immature fescue. Howe… We do not use synthetic herbicides on our hay. Tallfescue (Festuca arudinacea. Exceptionally drought tolerant, it grows under a wider temperature range than just about any other grass. Holub, Tragus loliaceus (Lam.) It can grow under conditions ranging from excessively drained to poorly drained, and can tolerate long periods of flooding. Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. Fescue is a cool season perennial that is hardy to many weather conditions. Fescue is a variety of grass that is often grown as a hay crop in various parts of the United States. Tall fescue is very difficult to totally eradicate. Fescue is used as a foraging crop because it stands up to repeated close grazing and grows vigorously at low temperatures. Another advantage is that only one passes with spraying equipment is needed in most situations. Leaf sheaths are smooth, split (overlapping at the top), and reddish at the base. & Maire, Festuca fenas subsp. There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. Although tall fescue growth regenerates in essentially the same way as perennial ryegrass, there are some important differences. atlantigena (St.-Yves) Auquier, Festuca arundinacea f. baltica (Asch. Fescue is a long blade bunch grass. newer tall fescue varieties have improved seedling vigour. fenas (Lag.) This chapter will examine the nutritional composition of tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) My horse loved it when it when he was on it, and if anything got pretty fat. cons. interrupta (Desf.) 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Tall fescue seeds are 0.25 to 0.4 inch long (6 to 10 mm) and 0.04 to 0.06 inch wide (1 to 1.5 mm) at the midpoint. Fescue found in fresh pasture, especially in early and late spring, usually harbors the endophyte (or fungus) Acremonium coenophialum. While it is one of the few shade tolerant turf options, it has major drawbacks as it is a cool season grass growing in an extremely hot and humid environment for 4 months a year. In fact, hay is the staple diet of our guinea pigs, and if we don’t provide them with good quality hay, ... No, we should not feed fescue hay to our guinea pigs. My horse loved it when it when he was on it, and if anything got pretty fat. )is grown for hay and pasture onapproximatelytwo million acres in Arkansasand is the predominant perennialcool­seasongrass in andthe UnitedStates. A hay analysis helps you better understand what you’re feeding your horse. Animal Sciences and Industry. MaxQ™ Jesup Tall Fescue Facts. should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. Skype: healthbenefit55, Tall-Fescue-florets-with-exerted-stigmas-and-anthers. Tall fescue covers over 35 million acres (15 million hectares) of the eastern United States alone, and an estimated 700,000 horses graze or are fed tall fescue without incident. Though tall fescue should be avoided on certain horse operations, especially those catering specifically to breeding and foaling, its widespread use on other horse farms speaks volumes for its value as a forage. cirtensis St.-Yves       Synonym             L              WCSP    2012-03-23, Festuca elatior var. atlantigenus (St.-Yves) H.Scholz, Schedonorus arundinaceus subsp. corsica (Hack.) Koch, Festuca arundinacea subsp. A Fescue grass lawn requires the most maintenance of any grass. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/horses/facts/info_ergot_alkaloid.htm Mares allowed to graze fescue during late pregnancy may encounter one or more signs of a syndrome called “fescue toxicosis.” Signs include prolonged gestation, sometimes up to 13 or 14 months, and foaling difficulties that may include thickened placenta and a “red bag” emergency that typically requires human intervention if the foal is to survive. Sorghum-Sudan grass hybrids offer a solution to producing forage dry matter when an emergency occurs. K. Richt, Festuca orientalis (Hack.) ex B.D.Jacks. orientalis (Hack.) If buying alfalfa hay, you’ll want to know if it is first, second or third cutting (or later), and at what stage of growth it was harvested. Endophyte-free tall fescue has been shown to provide better animal performance than endophyte-infected tall fescue (Tables 1 and 2). This is a common practice on large farms where many mares are given fresh bedding each night or when straw is in short supply. Spikelets is 10–17 mm long, to 8 mm wide, florets 4–8, uppermost floret often ruduced. Special Report: 13 Facts About Fescue Toxicosis - Round broodmares grazing on lush pastures might make an idyllic picture, but danger could lurk in the grass. When growing tall fescue for forage and hay, make sure it’s a safe, endophyte -free variety. This is especially true for the nitrogen portion of the fertilizer. The rate of new tiller formation in tall fescue is about one-third that of perennial ryegrass, but tall fescue tillers survive longer and are much This is especially important if you’re concerned about the hay quality or if your horse is having nutrition problems. Fescue hay can cause toxicosis in pregnant mares when they eat tall fescue that is infected with an endophyte fungus, Acremonium coenephialum . Specific epithet means resembling a reed. Alfalfa hay typically has more calories per pound than grass hay, so if you are feeding your horse alfalfa hay, he may need to consume less hay to maintain his body weight. Mert. The two methods most frequently used are herbicide application and/or conventional tillage. Although tall fescue growth regenerates in essentially the same way as perennial ryegrass, there are some important differences. Tall fescue is an extremely hardy, well-adapted grass species used for hay and pasture in the central and eastern United States and the Pacific Northwest. Flowering shoots produce hollow stems comprised of distinct nodes and internodes jointly called the culm. corsica (Hack.) Herbicides can be used for tall fescue eradication usually on any site, but are strongly recommended for use on highly erosive soils and slopes where soil disturbance may cause or exacerbate erosion problems. This occurs because seed heads contain much more ergovaline than do other plant parts. 2 ... infested tall fescue … Further disking then kills off the vegetation; only the top 5-7.5 cm of the soil should be disturbed as deeper disking will only bring more fescue seed up into the germination zone. Grass hay is rarely pure. Darbysh.] corsicus (Hack.) Yields are reduced during periods of drought. glaucescens Boiss, Festuca arundinacea subsp. Once a site has been renovated, frequent mowing, deep tillage and autumn burning should be avoided as these practices will accelerate tall fescue re-infestation. As tall fescue seed is small it should be sown relatively shallow (0.5 to 1.5 cm deep) and ideally into moisture High quality fescue hay is available for purchase at the farm. Composition. Aside from fresh pasture, mares may come into contact with the endophyte by less well-known means: hay and bedding. glaucescens (Boiss.) Red fescue thrives in areas with temperate climate. mediterranea (Hack.) Coarse, thick-stemmed hay (overly mature) has more fiber and less nutrition than immature, leafy hay with finer stems. The Northeast is cooler and wetter than the area where tall fescue has traditionally been grown and, absent heat stress, even the endophyte-free varieties grow very well here. Lon Lewis in his book Equine Clinical Nutrition said that, "It has been estimated that nearly 700,000 horses are maintained on tall fescue pastures in the United States." Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. Brachypodium interruptum (Desf.) Fescue Grass. Tzvelev, Festuca arundinacea f. pseudomairei (Litard. On average, alfalfa hay has much higher levels of protein, ranging from 15% to 21% depending on when the alfalfa was cut. Download this special report to learn more about fescue toxicosis, its cause, prevention, and available treatment. Therefore, feeding Timothy Grass has a well-established comfort level with horse people. They are prominently ridged on the upper surface and glossy on the lower surface. atlantigena (St.-Yves) Cebolla & Rivas Ponce, Festuca fenas var. Kansas State University 232 Weber Hall Manhattan, KS 66506-8028. cirtensis (St.-Yves) H.Scholz & Valdés, Schedonorus arundinaceus subsp. Hybrids of Sorghum and Sudan grass are often used in Ontario. Festuca (fescue) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the grass family Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae).They are evergreen or herbaceous perennial tufted grasses with a height range of 10–200 cm (4–79 in) and a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. Fescue, (genus Festuca), large genus of grasses in the family Poaceae, native to temperate and cold regions of both hemispheres. & Durieu, Festuca arundinacea var. While it is one of the few shade tolerant turf options, it has major drawbacks as it is a cool season grass growing in an extremely hot and humid environment for 4 months a year. A hay’s protein content and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) should be below 35% for goats. Tall fescue is one of the most adaptable grasses grown for grazing purposes. It should be a greyish green color (might vary depending on the species). As a precaution, an experienced agronomist or other specialist should inspect inferior forage before it is used to bed down the stalls of mares in late gestation. Another significant problem associated with fescue toxicosis is low milk production or a complete lack of milk. It is frequently assumed that weeds have low nutritive value and livestock will not eat weeds, so expensive and time-consuming measures are often used for their control.12 Some weeds are toxic or poisonous to livestock, and certain weeds are unpalatable – causing a reduction in total intake.9 Several weed species have th… fenas (Lag.) decolorans (Rchb.) Blades are 0.1 to 0.5 inch (3 to 12 mm) wide and 4 to 24 inches (10 to 60 cm) long. This difference is related to the fiber content of the hay; alfalfa hay is lower in fiber, while grass hay is higher in fiber which allows the horse to eat more hay without putting on extra weight. arundinacea (Schreb.) Delivery is available for an extra charge. While meadow fescue can make decent yields of dry hay/haylage, it is stronger as a pasture grass and as a more intensively managed haylage crop. Genus name comes from the Latin word meaning a grass stalk or straw. Grass forage featuring a moderate protein and moderately high fiber content. Culms usually are erect, stout, smooth, and up to 6 feet (2 m) tall. Posted by Michelle N. Anderson, TheHorse.com Digital Managing Editor | Jan 18, 2019 | Breeding and Reproduction, … Lilj, Festuca elatior var. Other pasture forbs are also sometimes a … The data is in about the benefits of MaxQ Tall Fescue … basics of horse nutrition. Rather, the goal should be to keep most growth suppressed so that other more beneficial and diverse vegetation types can become available to support the needs of wildlife. Best results are obtained by spraying when fescue plants are actively growing and are approximately 15-30 cm in height; prior to herbicide treatment, the fescue should be mowed, grazed or burned and allowed to regrow to that height. * Endophyte Newer tall fescue varieties are either endophyte-free or have a “friendly” endophyte that still benefits the plant but does not produce toxic effects in livestock. Kerguélen, Festuca arundinacea var. If this cannot be ascertained definitively, the hay should be disregarded as it is inappropriate to feed to late-pregnant broodmares. Therefore, when purchasing hay for pregnant mares, be sure it is free of fescue. uechtritzianus (Wiesb.) It is not always practical or necessary to remove all fescue plants. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY baltica Asch. This will reduce the amount of non-target residue (dead, leafy material) and ensure the maximum exposure of new growth to herbicide contact. It does not spread rapidly because of its lack of underground stolons or rhizomes. The growth characteristics of tall fescue plants undergird the management programs suggested here. conferta (Hack.) When it is allowed to develop seed heads, it becomes more toxic. Animal Sciences and Industry. Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. Roem. Make successive harvests for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface. Blade thinkness should be between the size of an orchard hay and bermuda. The performance of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to the quantity and quality of grass on offer. With that said, here are five little known facts about horse hay: #1 When fed at a rate of 2% of your horse’s body weight per day (which equals around 20 lbs/day for the average 1,000 lb horse), good quality grass hay can meet an adult horse’s basic caloric, fiber, major mineral, and protein needs. Uses Livestock: Smooth brome may be used for hay, pasture, or silage. Arcang, Festuca arundinacea subsp. arundinacea (Schreb.) Glumes are unequal, acute, awnless, membranous, smooth, and glabrous; lower lanceolate, 3–6 mm long. Endophyte-infected fescue causes few side effects in non-pregnant mares. Roots are tough and coarse and can penetrate moist soils to a depth of 150 cm; some varieties may have short rhizomes. Lon Lewis in his book Equine Clinical Nutrition said that, "It has been estimated that nearly 700,000 horses are maintained on tall fescue pastures in the United States." Dumort, Schedonorus arundinaceus subsp. Fescue to be used for hay … cirtensis (St.-Yves) Gamisans, Festuca arundinacea subsp. conferta (Hack.) Therefore, when purchasing hay for pregnant mares, be sure it is free of fescue. Unfortunately, tall fescue also has a downside. Grass hays include the cool-season species of timothy, smooth bromegrass, orchardgrass, tall fescue, and redtop. Posted by Michelle N. Anderson, TheHorse.com Digital Managing Editor | Jan 18, 2019 | Breeding and Reproduction, … It is hypothesized that the sporadic occurrence of placental edema in foaling mares results from the presence of an ergot alkaloid(s) less pharmacologically active than ergovaline in non-fescue hays in Ontario. (tall fescue). If fescue is discovered, double-check that the plants were harvested from an endophyte-free stand. Hegi, Festuca arundinacea var. It can be found in the meadows, fields, on the beaches and coastal areas, rocky slopes and in the cool, shaded mountain sites. Plant Fact Sheet SMOOTH BROME Bromus inermis Leyss. The plant is found growing in heathland, woodland, riparian habitats, freshwater, saline wetlands, moist forests, reed swamps, riparian habitats, seashores, meadows, salt marshes, cliff tops, moist grassland, reed swamps, coastal scrub, roadsides, ditches, grazed woods and railroad tracks. Tall fescue has a high yield. letourneuxiana (St.-Yves) Torrec, Festuca arundinacea var. Tall fescue has been planted for erosion control; however it has been shown to have similar, or even lesser, effectiveness in this regard than other grass species. Is used as bedding green color ( might vary depending on the poor, neutral or,. ) for use on non-erosive sites long ( 1 to 4 mm ) the stems when sprouts appear at top. 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