We can see at the root of all conflict, no matter the size of conflict or the number of people involved, that the desire to ‘control’ is at it’s root. Explore the diverse and complex roles that religions play in both promoting and mitigating violence. In the face of armed violence and genocide, two of the greatest challenges facing our world today are the maintenance of peace and the protection of human rights. • Religion and peace-making in the contemporary world including the work of individuals influenced by religious teaching. Religion and culture have historically been neglected in international relations (IR) theories and in political science more generally. Religion has a dual legacy in human history regarding peace and violence. Free * Duration. With so much emphasis on religion as a source of conflict, the role of religion as a force in peacemaking is usually overlooked. stream Motivated by religious goals of seeking peace, religious leaders and faith-based NGOs have frequently played prominent roles as mediators or other forms of intervention in conflict scenarios. By: The Bible does not clearly answer questions of war and peace but gives Christians guidelines on how to work for peace and justice. Furthermore, religion can act as a form of social cohesion and, like membership of other groups, greater involvement in society can strengthen the bonds between citizens strengthening the bonds of peace. Given religion’s importance as both a source of international conflict and a resource for peacemaking, it is regrettable that the U.S. government is so ill equipped to handle religious issues and relate to religious actors. The question of religion, conflict and peace came to worldwide attention with the decline of the Cold War and the collapse of the former Soviet Union. Islam is regarded in the West as an … Religion and belief in 21st century conflict • Religion and belief as a cause of war and violence in the contemporary world. If the U.S. government is to insert itself into international conflicts or build deeper and more productive relationships with countries around the world, it needs to devise a better strategy to effectively and respectfully engage with the religious realm. Religion can be the motivator or catalyst for bringing about peace through ending conflict as well as helping to build strong social cohesion. These three components of Dr. Mani’s research project are briefly described below. Northern Ireland: Religion in War and Peace September 3, 2013 This case study examines the complex and multifaceted role of religion in the conflict in Northern Ireland between Catholic nationalists and Protestant unionists. Religious organizations have a major impact on inter-communal and international conflicts. Nigerians are thus more likely to identify themselves first and foremost as Christians or Muslims rather than as Nigerians. ��~�խ�Ə����v+��e/�4�No�Vnt3 Religious affiliation and conviction often motivates religious communities to advocate particular peace-related government policies. Yet we need to beware of an almost universal propensity to oversimplify the role that religion plays in international affairs. Friday, February 1, 2008 Pace. Critics claim that it is overly simplistic and fails to address other causes of conflict as well as the peace potential of religion. 77,222 already enrolled! With news of a breakthrough in Afghan peace talks, USIP’s Scott Smith warns that future troop withdrawal should “switch from a time-based deadline approach to a conditions-based approach” because if the Taliban believe withdrawal is inevitable, “they have no incentive to compromise.”, 2301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037Tel: +1.202.457.1700, About Course language. Officials in Beijing are driven by aspirations of leadership across their home continent of Asia, feelings of being hemmed in on their eastern flank by U.S. alliances, and their perception that opportunities await across Eurasia and the Indian Ocean. Religious communities also directly oppose repression and promote peace and reconciliation. T�$�2�CsH���go�� 4��EZ�/a���pl���z����:_�4��V!|�RZ1. / %�쏢 The "war on terrorism," the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the seemingly interminable and intractable religious-ethnic-nationalist conflicts in the Middle East and elsewhere have contributed to a dramatic reexamination of the role of religion in conflict and peacebuilding, as well as the moral norms governing the role of military force. Whether as local peace actors and mediators or as providers of humanitarian aid, religious institutions have a role to play in conflict resolution. Since its creation in 2000, the United States Institute of Peace’s Religion and Peacemaking program has worked with local partners to promote religious peacemaking in many parts of the world, including Sudan, Nigeria, Iraq, Israel-Palestine, Pakistan, Afghanistan, the Philippines, and Indonesia. There is no evidence to indicate that particular religious traditions are, by virtue of their theology, more prone to violence or more likely to lead to conflict or peace than others. In recent decades, religion has assumed unusual prominence in international affairs. Publications Blog, The United States Institute of Peace Legal and Privacy Information | FOIA Inquiries, Center for Mediation and Conflict Resolution, Jacob Stokes on China’s Influence in South Asia, China’s Influence on Conflict Dynamics in South Asia, Spurred by China Rivalry, U.S., India Deepen Strategic Ties, Scott Smith on U.S. Troop Withdrawal from Afghanistan, 'Europe's last dictator' clings to power despite protesters' demands - Washington Times, Is an alleged drug kingpin from China investing millions in a port in Laos? The second model, a response to the first, is “peace without religion”. It is published by the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame.. Pope John Paul II, for example, played a prominent role in Lebanon, Poland, and Haiti. Introduction – Tourism of Conflict or Tourism of Peace? ��Ř!��L�Xç���(z�.L42�/�"�}GìP)��$^>���B�L��i�$(���Sc�k>��38̽�{�Q6��(� g,�۹�����i–I�F�W�uHe;��H�o���A��!l���������r�F}0V 3��E�:�Mm\+�x��P]9���2��3��v���c�X ��F��p�c�cz2�9%k����؜q"��-s-�P���Nc�b[��\&Gl�~�6^d Along the way, their first stop is South Asia, which this report defines as comprising eight countries—Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka—along with the Indian Ocean (particularly the eastern portions but with implications for its entirety). This aspect of religion and conflict is discussed in the parallel essay on religion and peace. However, the relationship etween religion and conflict is, in fact, a complex one. when the Iranians, who made the revolution a success and subsequently assumed position of power and authority in the government administration, formulated the state policy of their liking. The Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace addresses both the problem of religion and conflict and the possibility and practices of peace, giving particular attention to peace. Religion is not usually the sole or even primary cause of conflict. One of the dramatic changes that the peace treaty with the Emirates and Bahrain carried on its wings is “religious normalization” in the form of Muslim tourism to the Temple Mount and Jerusalem, which will come from countries that have no formal ties with Israel. A recent article in The Economist asserts that, if there ever was a global drift toward secularism, it has been halted and probably reversed. Search for experts, projects, publications, courses, and more. Religion is not usually the sole or even primary cause of conflict. In the article, Philip Jenkins, a noted scholar from Pennsylvania State University, predicts that when historians look back at this century they will see religion as "the prime animating and destructive force in human affairs, guiding attitudes to political liberty and obligation, concepts of nationhood and, of course, conflicts and wars." - CNN, Factbox: Ethiopia's reclusive neighbour Eritrea - Reuters, Ethiopia's Tigray Crisis: Why Nobel laureate Abiy Ahmed sent his troops to battle - BBC News. In conflict where religion is found to be a strong causal factor the political manipulation of religion matters more than doctrine. Humanities. Our religious practice should bring positive change to society and enhance mutual relationships among us in order to live in peace with one another. to promote a heightened awareness of the positive peace building and reconciliatory role religion has played in many conflict situations "Establishing lasting peace is the work of education; all politics can do is keep us out of war.” In the Islamic history, conflict between religion and politics settled after the Abbasid revolution (750.A.D.) As respected members of society, individual national religious leaders have often been at the forefront of e… Connect Interfaith dialogue is expanding even in places where interreligious tensions are highest. The horrendous events of 9/11, the conflagration in Iraq, and the aggressive assertiveness of quasi-theocratic Iran only confirm in the popular mind that religion lies behind much of contemporary international conflic. Religion and peacebuilding <> USIP has a variety of newsletters and announcements with the latest analysis, publications and events. ����r��/�ߥn�Zn?��Sc�^4�?w�ƶ,����w����s���?��I�}�x�zh�Qz{N�eۡ� The agreement, known as the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), was a result of the 2+2 ministerial dialogue between U.S. and Indian defense and foreign affairs chiefs, following a trend in recent years of deepening military cooperation geared toward pushing back on China’s increasingly assertive policies in the region. Religion plays a complex role in modern conflicts, serving as both an inspiration for violence and a powerful force for peace. Some expect an escalation of religious conflicts as well. The Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace addresses both the problem of religion and conflict and the possibility and practices of peace, giving particular attention to peace. After the implosion of the communist block, the escalation of nationalist violence was a surprise. Interfaith dialogue is another form of religious peacemaking. With so much emphasis on religion as a source of conflict, the role of religion as a force in peacemaking is usually overlooked. This comes after a spate of skirmishes this year on the Line of Actual Control (LAC), a Sino-Indian disputed border region. China has embarked on a grand journey west. English; Video Transcript. Rather than seeking to resolve a particular conflict, it aims to defuse interfaith tensions that may cause future conflict or derive from previous conflict. Peace & Conflict. Why Care? A religious war or holy war (Latin: bellum sacrum) is a war primarily caused or justified by differences in religion.In the modern period, debates are common over the extent to which religious, economic, or ethnic aspects of a conflict predominate in a given war. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of religious conflict--is only beginning to be explored and explicated. 8 weeks long. • The use of weapons of mass destruction. Religion, Conflict and Peace Watch here www.edx.org . Not infrequently, the most contentious interfaith relationships can provide the context for the most meaningful and productive exchanges. �����MW��f>4|M�#}�FN���۹�gb[jd��m����a�ĆI ����w�Z��{z��t�ecb���s��a�������AY�����y����N����Ec��Kl l�lU�[lYذK{u���ط���]_��3=��Ze/]�u�Fo��i���}���N Grants & Fellowships Take course on. The inclusion permitted religious influential religious leaders to change opinions of their antagonized followers, allowed the opposing sides to find common values, reminded everyone that peace and harmony is an ultimate goal, and inspired all sides to operate with humility and compassion (37). He is also the vice president of the Center for Mediation and Conflict Resolution. Know that religion has a strong influence on people’s belief or faith and conviction. Some religious figures have been able to use their positions of authority to work toward peace and to forward the cause of justice. �)T_�S����N�ލs/=�Sc�F+ͤS�JwM7 g@:��^94�-��ʌ/|M��Hk�F�������4a��;i���+����Jf��5Q�� � Z���T�����j��٠y���3B_�O��Ln~�S��U[��=�w��C�[��G��1�-����Z�׎���˶���>�E�H+}�j����h['+V�z�����05#��t�Q���Nm�?�a�ح]S۔}�������>)���N��%{6����V���9�n��ܰz=h���i �=��v$��δ�)��An#ݼ�o7;Q;�`,q�jw�翳�N�[��K7� �ݮ�2/�8;��Q�a?_�O��[�ÃZФu��s����q��vL��9;��H̬�j ]�*����3�e��إn,��z��L�">ae�z������a����{�I��S��)��*�w‘Ʃ��%���rYh�=B�n-Bgd=OԚZ>D>3�N�)�"[�� pՖg�p���)��/f������ɰ:�շ��GXzJH�.�{�c ��h���;d�6��V�#h\���&��6B���~�ӽdG��^��d�R�u���vFu�>[���>�)��Z/��lţ��l;޽����ar��^F��c�2��V�bƘ� o��)��8J�� It is also said that this model excludes the many contributions of religious people in the development of peace. Drew University’s Center on Religion, Culture & Conflict (CRCC) focuses critical attention on the complex ways in which people from different cultural, ethnic and religion traditions interact, and how both difference and similarity can serve as a resource for building peace.Our mission Discussion of the connection of religion and violent national or civil conflict emerged in earnest in the early 1990s as a result of the Religious leaders and institutions can mediate in conflict situations, serve as a communication link between opposing sides, and provide training in peacemaking methodologies. The views expressed in these articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Kroc Institute. During the Cold War, religious as well as ethnic and nationalist conflicts were relatively neglected in the study of international relations and peace research. 1. The Role of Religion in Today’s Conflict.1 By Ms. Karen Armstrong As we are all agreed, the conflict between the Muslim world and the West is essentially political but on a popular level religion is seen as one of its root causes. Projects Religion, Conflict and Peace. Underlying reasons why religions cause division and violent conflict; and; The potential of religion and spirituality to build peace and establish the foundations of just governance could be tapped. Individuals, institutions and governments pursuing peace in the coming decades will increasingly rely on the ability to skillfully dialogue with religious traditions and communities to achieve lasting solutions to conflict. Type Course Institution ... economic, and cultural life, as is often assumed. This form of religious peacemaking garners less public attention but is growing in importance. The horrendous events of September 11, the conflagration in Iraq, and the aggressive assertiveness of quasi-theocratic Iran only confirm in the popular mind that religion lies behind much of contemporary international conflict. 5 0 obj Despite an increase in the attention to the religious dimension of conflicts, it remains an under-researched field. English; The article then cites statistics from a public opinion survey in Nigeria demonstrating that Nigerians believe religion to be more central to their identity than nationality. Home to about 2 billion people, South Asia has become a strategic focal point for China’s growing global influence. Conflict resolution theory must examine more systematically the decision-making of religious actors and leaders in order for strategies of peacemaking to be effective in the relevant contexts. Th… Religious affiliation and conviction often motivates religious communities to advocate particular peace-related government policies. '�^������kT��)V�"���00{��4�N#U�xL���k�F�[�H_�=�ر��Hp�ۧNc+FE���m6v-����oWr)~�&JK�@0�ق�Ⱦ�c~�]������0���N8�t dz�s��%�. Self-paced. Peace Policy offers insights, commentary, and research-based solutions to the global problem of violent conflict. No major religion has been exempt from complicity in violent conflict. David Smock, In recent decades, religion has assumed unusual prominence in global affairs. USIP’s Vikram Singh looks at India’s evolving defense posture, deepening U.S.-Indian ties, and how it relates to India’s rocky relationships with China and Pakistan. David Smock has directed the Institute’s Religion and Peacemaking program since its inception. • Nuclear weapons, including nuclear deterrence. The United States and India inked on October 27 a key agreement that will help New Delhi get real-time access to American geospatial intelligence. Press Despite religion's secondary role, its use in the region's conflicts has frequently been destabilizing; the infusion of religion in grievances has exacerbated existing tensions and encumbered progress toward peace. USIP’s Jacob Stokes says to properly counterbalance Beijing in the region, the United States should focus “less about responding to China … and more engaging with the states of South Asia.”, By: Time commitment. It was only recently that IR began to consider the role of culture and religion in war and peace. Religion, Conflict and Peace Explore the diverse and complex roles that religions play in both promoting and mitigating violence. %PDF-1.4 Subject. Religiously-motivated peace builders have played important roles in addressing many conflicts around the world. Know that peace or conflict … Recognising the complex nature of religion does not replace work required to address other conflict and peace-related issues such as deprivation, marginalisation, institutional and state failure etc. This report represents reflections on that experience. USIP China-South Asia Senior Study Group. Open October 1, 2020 – April 2, 2021. x��]�r�6}�WL�if+�@��S�����M��ޒ}�%Y�M�cKI�� v8 8��M\�ϐ�v�>}�~SW�����p���g���������wӇ�.���J���/��ӷ�o����Q��Gu��F�z�QlDm�v��]՚��ۣ_��vu��N�f��>~��ہh#��>��EթZ�����lz!��?����]������kBu�o�v3~VZ6�o�^�F��Eלԍ�/���#F�u��oݳM��b{���J��.6;�*݋~�5��u�w��G�����`M|��0�ͮ����y$��j�v�o��n����&�B�y�����ٽVk��M�����>/��~�iݺ^�x&Ĵ�B�V��i۹��+����U���Pw�,u��4(Q�I~�I�U����U�Tk�_��X�r�J׵j���� 4-8 hours per week. Visit Gives Christians guidelines on how to work toward peace and reconciliation most meaningful and productive.... Theories and in political science more generally get real-time access to American geospatial intelligence have important. 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