There two sections of the park - One at the summit and the other one on Kipahulu at the southeast coast. Nevertheless, new telescopes are added, such as the Pan-STARRS in 2006. These two rift zones together form an arc that extends from La Perouse Bay on the southwest, through the Haleakalā Crater, and to Hāna to the east. Surrounding and including the crater is Haleakalā National Park, a 30,183-acre (122.15 km2) park, of which 24,719 acres (100.03 km2) are wilderness. The program is in collaboration with defense contractors in the Maui Research and Technology Park in Kihei. Early Hawaiians applied the name Haleakalā ("house of the sun") to the general mountain. summit and cascades down to the Kīpahulu District’s black volcanic sands. Eventually, these valleys formed gaps that merged at the volcano summit to create a crater-like basin. Some of the telescopes operated by the US Department of Defense are involved in researching man-made (e.g. These valleys formed the two large gaps — Koʻolau on the north side and Kaupō on the south — on either side of the depression. 1951 – Kipahulu Valley annexed to park. A road to the summit was built in the 1930s, shortly followed by the Haleakalā Visitor Cent… From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. Understand []. Because of the remarkable clarity, dryness, and stillness of the air, and its elevation (with atmospheric pressure of 71 kilopascals (530 mmHg)[10]), as well as the absence of the lights of major cities, the summit of Haleakalā is one of the most sought-after locations in the world for ground-based telescopes (though to a lesser extent than Mauna Kea on neighboring Hawaii). Haleakala National Park is a beautiful place to visit in Maui. Haleakala National Park was designated an International Biosphere Reserve in 1980. [14], There are three Sunset and Stargazing tours permitted within Haleakala National Park. Get the full experience and book a tour. Despite this, Haleakalā is popular with tourists and locals alike, who often venture to its summit, or to the visitor center just below the summit, to view the sunrise. The summit rises to an elevation of just over 10,000 feet above seaContinue reading From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. Thus, Haleakala is a distant fourth in coverage rates.[7]. There is a visitor center, with parking and restrooms, near the summit. The Haleakalā Ranger station, at a lower elevation, lies in the subtropical highland climate zone. The area now know as Haleakala national park was originally part of Hawaii National Park and was redesignated as a separate entity in July 1961 and an International Biosphere Reserve in 1980. Encompassing over 30,000 acres of public land, the park offers hiking trails, pre-arranged horseback riding tours and more endangered species than any other National Park. Haleakala, originally part of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, was re-designated as a separate entity in 01 July 1961. Hikers in the crater can stay in one of three cabins. The dormant volcano's "crater" is actually a valley carved by erosion. People hunt these birds for commercial gain and the population dwindled. Haleakala National ParkHawaii A dormant volcano with a picturesque sunrise and sunset. By way of comparison, both Mauna Loa and Kilauea have erupted more than a dozen times each in the last 90 years. Public transportation does not go through the park, but there are four vehicle based tour companies (Polynesian Adventure Tours, Skyline Eco Adventures, Haleakala EcoTours, and Valley Isle Excursions) that operate tours of the park and trips to the summit. It is open from 7:30am to 3:30pm. The park includes the summit depression, Kipahulu Valley on the southeast, and ʻOheʻo Gulch (and pools), extending to the shoreline in the Kipahulu area. Cycling and horseback riding are other popular ways to explore the park. Haleakala Crater looms 10,023 feet above the Pacific Ocean, taking up three-quarters of Maui’s 727 square miles.Haleakala sunrise inspire 1.5 million visitors annually. Haleakala National Park is home to Maui's highest peak. The astronomers on Haleakalā are concerned about increasing light pollution as Maui's population grows. This plant is the quintessential plant of Haleakalā since it only grows there and nowhere else on Earth. There are a few tour guides on Maui that pick people up at their hotels, and outfit them with a bicycle to glide down the road from just outside the National Park boundary (starting at 6500 ft altitude). For over 40 years, the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy has managed this site, conducting dedicated astrophysical experiments. Haleakala is Maui’s highest peak; Stands at 10,023 feet above sea level, and 29,723 feet from the ocean floor; The Haleakala National Park ranges more than 30,000 acres of land; Haleakala is home to endangered species like the Nene goose (Hawaii State Bird) and the Silversword; Haleakala National Park Website Visitors cannot drive directly to this section from the summit area; they must take a winding coastal road that travels around the windward coast of the island. If you’re venturing to the mountain top, take a look inside the Summit building which holds a number of interpretive displays and a great 3D representation. According to a local legend, the demigod Maui imprisoned the sun here in order to lengthen the day. There are so many things to do there that one is sure to find their favorite activity. Recent advanced dating tests, however, have shown that the last eruption was more likely to have been in the 17th century. 1930s – NPS and CCC build roads, cabins, trails and other visitor facilities in Haleakala area. Macdonald, Abbott, & Peterson state it this way: Haleakalā is far smaller than many volcanic craters (calderas); there is an excellent chance that it is not extinct, but only dormant; and strictly speaking it is not of volcanic origin, beyond the fact that it exists in a volcanic mountain. Haleakala NP - Hawaii Pacific Parks Association Haleakalā National Park on the island of Maui is a rich, 30-thousand-acre tapestry of biodiversity that begins at Haleakalā Volcano’s 10,023ft. [2] A Normal status is used to designate typical volcanic activity in a non-eruptive phase. The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. Visitors may choose to swim in these pools, or they may choose to hike a trail that takes visitors up to the base of Waimoku Falls. Biodiversity has been compromised and is negatively affecting the groundwater reserve. Haleakalā National Park is an American national park located on the island of Maui in the state of Hawaii. The Nēnē bird is on the endangered species list. spacecraft, monitoring satellites, rockets, and laser technology) rather than celestial objects. The steep, downslope areas of the Kanaio and Kahikinui ahupuaʻa and the area north of Hana are rated as Hazard Zone 4. Haleakala National Park, Hawaii Known as the House of Sun, Haleakala National Park is the highest peak on the island of Maui. This section of the park features more than two dozen pools along Palikea Stream in the gulch called ʻOheʻo. At 10,023 feet above sea level, this dormant volcano is the stage for a breathtaking range of landscapes—and skyscapes. Haleakala National Park Alerts & Conditions (as of July 1st, 2020) Sunrise to open up in phases: Following guidance from the CDC and recommendations from state and local public health in consultation with NPS Public Health Service officers, Haleakalā National Park’s Summit District will be open from 9:00am- 5:00pm. ALOHA! [13] The road is open to the public (although parts of it are restricted) and is a well-maintained two-lane highway containing many blind turns and very steep dropoffs. Haleakala National Park, Maui’s only national park, is astounding. Haleakala National Park . At first glance, it’s hard to believe that plants would grow on its barren terrain, but Haleakal ā National Park is home to some of the island’s most beautiful, and rare, plants. Browse our largest collection of experiences. [8] The park includes the summit depression, Kipahulu Valley on the southeast, and ʻOheʻo Gulch (and pools), extending to the shoreline in the Kipahulu area. The switchback road up the mountain is a spectacular drive. 2,433 Reviews #1 of 23 things to do in Maui. This volcanic activity has been along two rift zones: the southwest and east. There is a visitor center, with parking and restrooms, near the summit. Recommended. If that weren’t enough, it also holds the world record for climbing to the highest elevation in the shortest distance- a mere 38 miles! According to the legend, Māui's grandmother helped him capture the sun and force it to slow its journey across the sky in order to lengthen the day. [14] Other endangered species include the endangered Haleakalā schiedea (Schiedea haleakalensis). 1941 to 1946 – U.S. Army occupies Haleakala. One example is the ʻāhinahina (Haleakalā silversword, Argyroxiphium sandwicense macrocephalum), which formerly covered Haleakalā Mountain to a degree where the mountain looked as if it were covered with snow. Whether you’re exploring the fascinating Haleakala National Park by hiking, driving, or on a tour, knowing the summit stops is key to planning for a great adventure. If you’re looking for a volcano vacation in the United States, then Hawaii can make for a perfect trip!. More than 80% of 30,183 acres in Haleakala National Park is designated as wilderness. This is aggravated by the fact that trails lead downhill from parking areas into the crater. Scientists believe that Haleakalā's crater was formed when the headwalls of two large erosional valleys merged at the summit of the volcano. This is a shield volcano, created by the gradual addition of countless layers of lava, the largest part of which actually lies under the water’s surface. Haleakalā is also the name of a peak on the southwestern edge of Kaupō Gap. In its prime, Haleakala may have reached a height of 12,000 feet before water and wind erosion, and possibly glaciers, began to carve two large river valleys out of the rim. The bird was once on all the islands of Hawaii but now it is only on the Island of Hawaii. Meaning ‘House of the Sun,’ Haleakalā is dubbed the world’s largest dormant volcano. Haleakalā (/ˌhɑːliˌɑːkəˈlɑː/; Hawaiian: [ˈhɐlɛˈjɐkəˈlaː]), or the East Maui Volcano, is a massive shield volcano that forms more than 75% of the Hawaiian Island of Maui. You can also get some great gifts to support the National Park Service too. This part of the park lies within the lower part of Kipahulu Valley. The east rift zone continues under the ocean beyond the east coast of Maui as Haleakalā Ridge, making the combined rift zones one of the longest in the Hawaiian Islands chain.[3]. The surrounding walls are steep and the interior mostly barren-looking with a scattering of volcanic cones. Haleakala National Park is a United States National Park on Maui in Hawaii of United States of America.. Sign at Haleakala National Park indicating trail to Pa Ka'oao, Keonehe'ehe'e and Sliding Sands. Panorama of the milky way over Haleakala National Park's camp site Hosmer Grove at 6500 feet in ...[+] elevation Getty. One attraction of the park is Hosmer's Grove, a unique forest of trees including deodar (Cedrus deodara) from the Himalayas, sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) from Japan, eucalyptus from Australia, and several species from North America (pine, spruce, cypress, fir, and others). The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. Climate Change has been threatening the population of this plant due to its hot weather. [12]. This is not the same as paying the entrance fee! These birds were then kept in captivity to increase the population. Haleakala National Park, Maui Hawaii. It is 6.99 miles (11.25 km) across, 2.0 mi (3.2 km) wide, and 2,600 ft (790 m) deep. At the summit itself is another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities. Haleakala National Park. Haleakala has erupted three times in approximately the last 900 years. As well as the tourist and native people taking the plants as souvenirs. At the summit itself is another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities. 1961 – Haleakala National Park established. The park features the dormant Haleakalā (East Maui) Volcano, which last erupted sometime between 1480 and 1600 AD. [6] The name Haleakalā is Hawaiian for "house of the sun." [10], Grazing and rooting feral goats and pigs have been destroying the native vegetation. Native plants and trees are also present in the forest but are not common due to the little light available (because of the taller alien trees). According to the United States Geological Survey USGS Volcano Warning Scheme for the United States, the Volcano Alert Level for Haleakala as of August 2015 was "normal". It is one of the few places in the world where you can drive from sea level to 10,000 ft in less than 40 miles. Haleakala National Park Haleakala National Park on the Hawaiian island of Maui is home to a dormant volcano that provides magnificent views of the sunrise and sunset. Named after Haleakalā, a dormant volcano within its boundaries, the park covers an area of 33,265 acres (52.0 sq mi; 134.6 km2),[1] of which 24,719 acres (38.6 sq mi; 100.0 km2) is a wilderness area. Until recently, East Maui Volcano was thought to have last erupted around 1790, based largely on comparisons of maps made during the voyages of La Perouse and George Vancouver. The western 25% of the island is formed by another volcano, Mauna Kahalawai, also referred to as the West Maui Mountains. The lowest elevation found in Haleakala is 0 feet at the Pacific Ocean; The highest elevation found in Haleakala is 10,023 feet at Haleakala Summit; The entrance fee for Haleakala is $25 per vehicle per 3 days; Haleakala National Park lies in the Hawaii time zone; Random Facts About Haleakala. Get Haleakala information, facts, photos, and more in this Haleakala National Park guide from National Geographic. Haleakala translates to “House of the Sun”. [17], Entrance of the Mount Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, Pa Kaoao White Hill Trail Mount Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii, List of national parks of the United States, "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011", "National Park Service: Historic Listings of NPS Officials", "Biosphere Reserve Information: United States of America: Hawaiian Islands", "Legends of Maui: A Demi-God of Polynesia and His Mother Hina", "Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (2000 - S. 939)", "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790", "Maui's Boy Scouts mark 40-year link to nene", "Environmental Factors - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", "Haleakala Silverswords - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", Haleakala National Park Roads, Pukalani, Maui County, HI, Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park, Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haleakalā_National_Park&oldid=994907573, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 04:32. 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